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CVS - Medical Terminology - Anoxia, Necrosis, Etc.

1. "Without blood" – any condition that results in less than normal hemoglobin in the blood or lower than normal number of erythrocytes.
2. Pertaining to channels or vessels.
3. Changes in the walls of arteries consisting of lipid deposits on the artery walls - promoted by high levels of LDL and VLDL cholesterol's. A condition in which fatty substances (plaque) accumulate under the inner linings of arteries producing occlusions – and thus promoting ischemia and hypoxia – sometimes leads to an m.i. or a stroke.
4. The formation of a blood clot stuck to a vessel wall.
5. Abnormally high blood pressure.
6. Without oxygen. (Key term - oxygen)
7. An expansion, or ballooning (or even bulging) of a blood vessel.
8. Death of a cell or tissue caused by disease or injury.
9. A bluish discoloration of the skin or mucous membranes frequently caused by deficient oxygenation of the blood.
10. An intravascular clot that is not fixed to a wall, but rather floats within the blood
11. An abnormal heart sound
12. The escape of blood from the vessels through ruptured walls; bleeding.
13. An inflammation of a vein.
14. A region of dead (necrotic) tissue typically caused by blood flow obstruction. (Hint: heart attatck)
15. A local decrease in blood supply resulting from obstruction of arterial inflow making it inadequate to supply sufficient oxygen and maintain aerobic respiration.
16. "Heart attack" - an area of necrotic tissue in the myocardium caused by an interruption of blood supply to the area.
17. Any of a number of proliferative and degenerative changes in the arteries leading to their decreased elasticity - commonly called "hardening of the arteries"
18. Failure of the cardiovascular system to deliver adequate amount of oxygen and nutrients to meet the metabolic needs of the body due to inadequate cardiac output.
19. A condition in which a cerebral blood vessel is blocked, thus leading to ischemia, and often leaving a part of the brain without oxygen – leading to possible necrosis.
20. The inability of the heart to pump enough blood to the body to maintain homeostasis.


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